What Is Teleportation?
1) Simply find a way to break down every atom in the body to a form that can be somehow carried across space and then reintegrated at a designated location or
2) You can make a copy of the information in the body, find a way to send it across space and then assemble that information back into a living person.
That was simple enough. The examples below will deal with both theories.
History of Teleportation Devices
The Guts of Human Teleportation
Some might consider this murder. Others say this is just plain evil. The picture below explains it best.
Want to take the next step into complicated? The reintegration (or rebuilding) process is even riskier than the disintegration part. For the sake of argument, let's deal again with killing the original person.
The usual Star Trek transport theme is to beam people to the planet and make them appear at any location but this means the Enterprise computer is doing all the work (no receiving computer on the planet). The main computer copies the original person, destroys the original, sends the information to a spot on the planet and then builds the information into a person. During the return trip, this also means when you are standing on the planet and say, “Beam me up,” that the Enterprise computer locates you, copies your information, destroys you, beams the data into the ship’s buffer, which then builds the “new you” from matter onboard the ship.
The answer to this is, “Who really knows?” As I stated in the beginning, human teleportation is all fun theory. That is until someone proves me wrong. Excuse me but I have to go to dinner. It's my time to teleport.